December 5, 1964 – Red summit in Moscow

by carl on December 5, 2012

New manifesto issued by 81 communist parties in Moscow

By Carl Stieren

A meeting of 81 communist parties in Moscow issued a 15,000-word statement to the world on December 5, 1960.

Reprinted in full by the New York Times on December 7 of that year, the statement was described by the editors of The Sixties Chronicle (Lincolnwood, Illinois: Publications International, Ltd., 2004) as a manifesto declaring “world victory will be achieved peacefully, or, if necessary, through war.”

Close reading of the document reveals that the manifesto may have had other aims. In section V of the statement, there is just one sentence that The Sixties Chronicle editors may have been referring to:

“In the process of this struggle, the masses are prepared and conditions arise for decisive battles for the overthrow of capitalism, for the victory of socialist revolution.”

In context, that statement refers almost entirely to the “national liberation” struggles of the colonies of the great powers at that time. Communists in developed countries were supposed to work for the communist brand of the peace movement, push for “peaceful co-existence” between the U.S. and USSR, and basically cool their jets on any dreams of revolution.

The document exposes the internal contradictions of the communist parties of the era: on the one hand, revolution was supposed to be around the corner, but in reality, the Marshall Plan in western Europe had sparked prosperity and the decline in support for Communist parties at the polls and in society, and revolutions in colonies of Britain and France were for the most part nationalist and not Communist.

Also, although Stalin had died in 1953, Soviet Premier Khrushchev continued Stalin’s policy of “socialism in one country.” How could he do otherwise? Revolutions were not on the horizon. One that did occur, in Hungary in 1956, was anti-communist.

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